‘Ice Skating’ as the term refers to is skating on ice, both inside and outside. Specially prepared surfaces such as ice skating arenas and trails are located mostly indoors for events and competitions while in the outside lakes, rivers and ponds which naturally freeze over in winter provide exceptional ice skating surfaces.
Ice skating as a sport likely started when individuals found themselves with fewer options for outside activity and matches during winter and might have been done for several reasons like exercise, fun game, for travel etc..
Some perspectives are that it originated in Switzerland around 3000 BC based on dating done on a pair of skates recovered from a lake bottom. A researched study by Oxford University points to oldest frozen water skating actions more than 3000 years back in southern Finland. All earlier versions of ice skates were made of flattened and sharpened bone that helped skaters glide along with the ice unlike contemporary skates which cut into the ice.
Besides Europe, this sort of skating appears to have been practiced in China too around the same time line, gaining popularity during the rule of the Qing dynasty.
The introduction of frozen water skating as a game came about slowly as the game spread to other areas of the world and a growing number of people started to take it up as a fun game before it became aggressive. Figure skating is the aggressive portion of ice skating that has come to be a keenly contested game comprising pair and individual events; the pair occasions between a man and a woman are like ice dance where the pair implements intricate steps, patterns and rotations on ice to the accompaniment of music. The jumps in the air and loops are fascinating; now there six types of jumps counted as’jump components’ according to aggressive skating regulations. These are the Flip, Lutz, Toe Loop collectively called’Cable jumps’ and the Axel, Loop and Salchow which include the’border jumps’.
The jumps are identified by the amount of revolutions completed and the Axel is regarded as the most difficult leap. The particular jumps are named after famous skaters who devised the measures.